Lordotic Chest TechniqueThis is a featured page

Introduction
The lordotic view of the chest (first described by Felix Fleischner in 1926) is possibly underutilised because it is poorly understood (also possibly less common in an age of high resolution CT scanning). When the anatomy of interest is the lung apices, the view is sometimes referred to as an apical lordotic view- apical refers to the anatomy and lordotic refers to the patient position/technique. The lordotic technique for the apices and for the RML might only differ in their coning.The apical lordotic can be performed in the first instance if the suspected or known pathology is associated with the lung apices- eg tuberculosis. The same projection can be used to demonstrate the middle lobe of the right lung and the lingula segment of the left upper lobe.


Technique
Position
There are a variety of techniques both PA/AP and erect/supine/prone. The important factor in all approaches is that the clavicles should be projected superiorly, clear of the lungfields. My experience suggests that the exact cephalic angulation to achieve this result is debatable and variable. This may explain why the textbooks vary in their suggestions between 20 and 45 degrees of cephalic angle (or lordosis equivalent positioning with a straight tube)
apical lordotic
This approach requires the patient to stand in an AP chest position with the central ray angled in a cephalic direction. The shoulders should be rolled forward clear of the lungfields)
lordotic view technique
adapted from Meschan, I. 1955 An Atlas of Normal Radiographic Anatomy Saunders, London
in http://www.e-radiography.net/technique/chest/Chest_apical.htm
With ambulant patients this is an alternative postioning for apical lordotic chest radiography.
lordotic view technique
source PB-322 Radiologic Technologypowerpoint presentation



X-ray Beam Coning
lordotic viewThe normal principles and practices of good coning should not be abandoned when considering the lordotic technique. The coning technique used with this image appears too generous for patients with a solitary apical chest lesion.



Lordotic Positioning for Lung Apices
Case 1
apical and LUL pathologyThe radiographer noted the presence of a lesion in the right lung apex. The smooth contour of the apical lesion suggested that it was pleural based rather than parenchymal. It was considered that an apical lordotic view might help clarify its nature and position.

In addition, the left cardiac border was obliterated suggesting a silhouette sign. To obliterate the left cardiac border it was likely that that lingula segment of the left upper lobe was involved. A lordotic position might also help to demonstrate this pathology.
apical and LUL pathologyThe lateral view was performed with arms folded across head, which helps to demonstrate the upper lobes. There is an additional smooth edged density in an apice which does not correspond with a rib (arrowed). This supported the possibility that the RUL apical lesion was pleural based
apical and LUL pathologyThe apical lordotic view also supported the lesion being external to the lung. The LUL opacity is also demonstrated but adds no new information.




Lordotic Positioning for Right Middle Lobe and Lingula
Benjamin Felson (Chest Roentgenology, W.B. Saunders, 1973, p13) notes "...[lordotic positioning] is extremely valuable in confirming the presence of middle lobe and lingular disease, often inconclusively demonstrated on the routine PA and lateral teleroentgenograms. In the lordotic position, the roentgen beam traverses a longer axis of the middle lobe and lingula than in the upright, producing a denser shadow when collapse is present."
RML collapse


K Ashizawa, MD, K Hayashi, MD, N Aso, MD and K Minami, MD

Lobar atelectasis: diagnostic pitfalls on chest radiography

British Journal of Radiology 74 (2001),89-97 © 2001
The right cardiac border is not clearly seen suggesting silhouette sign associated with collapse and/or consolidation (white arrow). The appearance is a little inconclusive- the same appearance can be seen in patients with pectus excavatus
RML collapse
K Ashizawa, MD, K Hayashi, MD, N Aso, MD and K Minami, MD

Lobar atelectasis: diagnostic pitfalls on chest radiography

British Journal of Radiology 74 (2001),89-97 © 2001
the lateral image demonstrates a prominent oblique fissure (arrowed)
RML collapse
K Ashizawa, MD, K Hayashi, MD, N Aso, MD and K Minami, MD

Lobar atelectasis: diagnostic pitfalls on chest radiography

British Journal of Radiology 74 (2001),89-97 © 2001
The lordotic view image clearly demonstrates complete collapse of the right middle lobe (arrowed)



The Apical Lordotic Technique in Patients with LUL Pathology

LUL pathologyThis patient presented to the Emergency Department with PUO. The PA chest image demonstrated increased density in the left apex. There is a suggestion of airbronchogram lines indicative of airspace opacity. In addition, the aortic knocle is partially obscured. The appearances were consistent with LUL consolidation.

The lateral view was not convincing in demonstrating the pathology. Largely for want of another view of the pathology, the radiographer performed an apical lordotic.
LUL pathologyThe apical lordotic image supported the diagnosis of LUL consolidation


Comment

The lordotic projections still have a place in plain film imaging of the chest. The performing of lordotic views shows thought on the part of the radiographer and will potentially be appreciated by the reporting radiologist/referring doctor.




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AndyC
AndyC
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